Saturday, 2 March 2013

Nuclear Energy Benefits: Pros Of Nuclear Energy Production

Nuclear Bulb Reactor

Today many developed nations of the world depend on nuclear energy for their much needed electric power in order to take care of domestic, civic and industrial needs in their countries irrespective of some principled and opinionated concerns about the nuclear energy pros and cons.

In the past, most people were of the opinion that nuclear energy was the solution to the global energy scarcity. The magnanimous supply of energy  by a minute quantity of Uranium when it undergoes a nuclear reaction was envisaged to be a savior to the world’s energy needs since coal and  crude oil deposits  availability are feared to be completely exhausted in the near future. Formerly, irrespective of cons of nuclear energy, nuclear energy was perceived to be a substitute to these usual fossil fuels, and was consequently termed a substitute energy base in addition to wind energy and cosmological energy.

Though nuclear energy doesn’t constitute environmental pollutions just like the other fossil fuels; the fact remains that radioactive substances used in nuclear reactions just like the other fossil fuels is a minute God-given resource which can as well get depleted with time like the other fossil fuels. It cannot however be rightfully termed a substitute energy resource. Notwithstanding the fact that nuclear energy cannot rightfully be termed an alternative energy resource, it has many pros which we will talk about below.

Pros of Nuclear Energy:
Nuclear energy Power Plant
Nuclear reaction involves two main types of reactions-nuclear fission and nuclear fusion. During nuclear fusion tremendous amount of energy is produced. This energy released during nuclear fusion can be used to convert water into its gaseous state. The gaseous form of water(steam) are very useful in revolving and rotating electricity generating turbines and generators to produce energy which is higher in quantity than the energy produced by the same size of the other types of fossil fuel.
Nuclear reaction does not constitute environmental pollution just like the process of burning the other types of fossil fuel to generate electric power. This means that using nuclear reaction to generate energy does not result in the release into the atmosphere dangerous gases like carbon monoxide which leads to environmental pollution. They are therefore more environmental friendly than the other fossil fuels.

Nuclear fusion releases such enormous amount of energy. Consequently, a small power station which generates energy through nuclear reactions can supply electric power to huge no of people round the clock and throughout the year. When you compare the energy produced by a unit mass of a radioactive substance to the energy produced by a unit mass of other fossil fuels which are not radioactive, the nuclear energy is the top rated.

The nuclear reactors can be set up within the industrial areas because they do not need a big expanse of land. This means that transfer of power from the nuclear power station where they are produced to the end users would not normally go through a long distance like the case of other fossil fuels. Even though it is very costly to construct a nuclear reactor, when it is done, the managerial and functional cost is much less compared to the other remnant fuels.

Also when pain is taken to construct a good quality nuclear power station and nuclear reactor, it can run for decades without having to service, repair or bring them up to date. Nuclear energy is very good but it also has its own disadvantages. We will discuss about the disadvantages of nuclear energy generation in our subsequent post. Feel free to come back for the next post if you find this information helpful.

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